Certain mental health disorders are more prevalent in women as compared to men. Learn the reasons why these are more prevalent in women and how you can protect yourself for your mental wellbeing. If you are a woman and you are facing hypersensitiveness, grief, depression, sorrow, and more anger then you are not alone. According to a recent survey by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 29 million American women or about 23 percent of the female population have been diagnosed with mental health issues in just one year and these are only the noticeable cases but there are much more not in black and white.
Mental health: Women Health’s Issues
Some mental health issues are more common in women can play a significant role in women’s mental health. Common problems found in men are high rates of autism and early-onset schizophrenia, anti-social personality disorder, and alcoholism. Mental health conditions more common in women are depression. Women tend to suffer from depression twice as men. 12 percent of women compared to 6 percent of men suffer from depression. Anxiety and specific phobias. Although men and women suffer almost equally from such mental health conditions such as obsessive-compulsive disorder and social phobias. Whereas panic disorders, generalized anxiety, and specific phobias are more observed in women as twice as men.. Post-Traumatic Stress Syndrome (PTSD) is more commonly seen in women as twice as men following a traumatic event.
Men die from suicide 4 times as women but women’s suicide attempting rate is two to three times more than men.
Women suffer from anorexia and bulimia nervosa in almost 85 percent cases and 65 percent of binge eating disorder cases.
Mental health: women’s symptoms are also different
Well, men and women both suffer from mental health issues but the symptoms may vary depending on the gender. Men mostly present their job-related issues whereas women address more about physical issues like fatigue and tiredness, appetite and sleeplessness. Unlike their depressed male counterparts, women develop habits of alcohol abuse within a few years of depression.
To offset the depression women are more likely to involve in religious and emotionally related activities whereas men opt for sports and other physical activities. Even the symptoms of schizophrenia may vary from gender to gender; women with schizophrenia often show signs of depression and thought impairment where men become apathetic and socially inactive. Women with schizophrenia show faster results against antipsychotic medicines and mood stabilizers.
Mental health- why gender differences?
What goes in the female body and mind which leads to differences in mental illnesses may be answered in the following headings:
Female hormonal fluctuations are known to play a big role in mood swings and depression. Hormone estrogen can have a very positive effect on schizophrenic women during their menstrual cycle and maintaining the structure of neurons in the brain which protects against some aspects of Alzheimer’s. On the other hand, women have fewer levels of serotonin in blood as compared to men that’s why they are more likely to suffer from depression.
According to Socio-cultural influence despite gender equality, women suffer more from social-economic power, status, position and dependence which can contribute to depression and other related mental disorders. For example, girls are often dissatisfied with their bodies during puberty which may lead to depression and also there is more sexual assault reported cases of girls than men. One in five girls is more prone to rape than men all this may lead to severe depression and panic disorders.
Also Know About Anxiety
women more likely to complain about depression as compared to men to the there general practitioner, who gives them mood-altering drugs. Men often discuss issues with their mental health specialists. Women are often afraid to report their complaints of violence and abuse.
Mental Health ongoing research
Previously it was not considered much that women develop early and more signs of depression as compared to men but now the government is actively participating and have encouraged Federal agencies such as the National Institute of Health Research specific to women.
Private organizations are also participating in doing studies about learning the behavior of Mental Health issues in men and women separately. For example, researchers at the Women’s Health Research Centre at Yale University in New Haven Conn are studying mental health issues in women including:
- Differences in brain development which provides the insight to recognize and prevent depression and bipolar disorders.
- Mood and memory processes in women make it hard for them to forget a certain bad incident or quit smoking.
- Effects of estrogen on mood, emotional behavior and particularly increase in PTSD and depression.
- Genetics is specific to women that may lead to alcoholism.
As more research comes into the light, experts are hopeful that they will be able to understand the mental state of women much better than previously considered and they are hopeful that they will produce such treatments and medications which will help women to overcome their mental issues and depression.